What will I learn?
This puzzle uses the oriented graph data structure. You can solve it using recursive function to go through nodes of a tree using a Depth First Search Algorithm.
The goal of the puzzle is to make you compute the height of a tree data structure. It will make you discover how to build a tree and use recursive algorithm to compute the longest chain of nodes. The graph theory behind the algorithm of this puzzle is one of the most important aspects of programming and is at the base for a lot of tools and application today (like google, facebook, twitter, …).
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It is sometimes interesting to find what authors has influenced our favorite writer. What if we tried to find out who herited from whom, with the help of an influence graph?