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- 18

## Learning Opportunities

This puzzle can be solved using the following concepts. Practice using these concepts and improve your skills.

## Statement

## Goal

You must output a visual of the given**binary tree**of size

`N`.

A binary tree is a tree where each node has at most two children, called

**left child**and

**right child**.

A

**value**is stored in each node.

Nodes have an id between 0 and

`N`- 1 and are given in order.

The id of the root is always 0.

Input

**Line 1 :**An integer

`N`for the number of nodes.

**Three space separated integers for the value stored in the node and the id of its left and right children. The id is -1 if there is no child.**

`N`next lines :Output

Lines trimmed on the right representing the tree.

Prior to trimming, the whole output can be seen as a big grid.

The values are located in "cells" of width

A node in the left sub-tree of a node is always represented to its left, a node in the right sub-tree of a node is always represented to its right.

The width of the visual is

The nodes are connected with| , + and - as seen in the example.

| and + are right-justified within their cell.

The total height of the visual is

Prior to trimming, the whole output can be seen as a big grid.

The values are located in "cells" of width

`W`where`W`is 1 + the maximum number of digits of a tree value. The values are right-justified within their cell.A node in the left sub-tree of a node is always represented to its left, a node in the right sub-tree of a node is always represented to its right.

The width of the visual is

`N`cells, which means a total width of`N`x`W`characters before the right trimming. In other words, every "column" of the big grid contains exactly one value.The nodes are connected with

The total height of the visual is

`L`+ 3 x (`L`- 1) lines where`L`is the number of levels, also knows as the "height" of the tree (each level brings one line for the values and 3 lines for the connections - except for the last level) .Constraints

1 ≤

`N`≤ 20Example

Input

6 111 1 2 222 3 4 3 -1 -1 44 -1 -1 555 -1 5 66 -1 -1

Output

111 | +-----------+---+ | | 222 3 | +---+---+ | | 44 555 | +---+ | 66

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