Back
Close
  • 4

Learning Opportunities

This puzzle can be solved using the following concepts. Practice using these concepts and improve your skills.

Statement

 Goal

Given a set of universal truths, determine whether All, Some, or No pigs can fly.

Each of N lines contains a logical statement S in the following general form:
    OBJECTA (are OBJECTB | have TRAIT | can ABILITY)
        or
    TRAITA are TRAITB
where parentheses contain options separated by pipes ( | ). Furthermore, OBJECTS can be expanded like so:
    OBJECT [with TRAITA [and TRAITB ...]] [that can ABILITYA [and ABILITYB ...]]
where brackets [ ] denote optional text.

Below are sample statements.
    (1) MICE are RODENTS
    (2) MICE with WINGS are BATS
    (3) MICE that can FLY are ANIMALS with SUPERPOWERS
    (4) BATS are RODENTS
    (5) RODENTS with FEET and NOSES that can EAT are POPSICLES
To clarify, statement (1) means that all MICE are RODENTS, but only some RODENTS are MICE. Furthermore, it cannot be assumed from statements (1) and (4) that some MICE are BATS.

The task is to determine what can be concluded about pigs flying: must it be true for all pigs, some pigs, or none?
Input
Line 1: An integer N representing the number of statements.
Next N lines: A logical statement S written as described in the prompt.
Output
A string stating what can be concluded from the input about pigs flying:
(1) All pigs can fly
(2) Some pigs can fly
(3) No pigs can fly
Constraints
2 ≤ N ≤ 15
1 ≤ Length of S ≤ 256
PIGS appears in at least one statement
FLY appears in at least one statement
Statements are composed of letters and spaces
OBJECTS, TRAITS, and ABILITIES are written in uppercase, and everything else is in lowercase.
Example
Input
3
PIGS are BACONS
BACONS are GODS
GODS can FLY
Output
All pigs can fly

A higher resolution is required to access the IDE

codingame x discord
Join the CodinGame community on Discord to chat about puzzle contributions, challenges, streams, blog articles - all that good stuff!
JOIN US ON DISCORD
Online Participants